WP5.1 Short-course on “Numerical modelling in Geosciences”, Athens // M-13 (6 days; given by ETH, UPMC, GFZ and the 2 ERs). Aims: teach the basics of numerical geodynamic modelling, with details on use and shortcomings. Teaching material:Numerical Modelling in Geosciences . This course took place in Athens from October 6 to 10 and was held by Laetitia Le Pourhiet and Dave May with the help of ER fellows Jonas Ruh and Liang Zheng. The class learned the basis of the Finite Element Method and its application in Earth Sciences. Fellows improved their knowledge, cooperating to work out codes and running models. All fellows learned the basis of numerical modelling, experiencing collaborative work. Fellows develop a code that has been applied to a working problem of solving Darcy flow of water in variably permeable media, represetative of slab fluids flowing along a permeable subduction interface and to flux these fluids into the mantle wedge.
WP5.2 Short-course on “Active seismic data processing and inversion”, Barcelona 24-28 November 2014// M-14 (9 days, organized by CSIC). The course was organized by César R. Ranero and Valenti Sallares on in Barcelona at the Institute of Marine Sciences (CSIC). Training focused on the introduction of the theoretical basics of time series analysis, data acquisition and main processing techniques of marine multichannel seismic data in a series of lectures. The course also introduced the fundamentals of wide-angle seismic data instrumentation, acquisition, and modelling techniques in a second series of lectures. Each of the two lecture series was followed by hands- on work with real data examples from subduction zone settings. The work with multichannel seismic reflection data processed a profile from the North Chile subduction zone; whereas the wide-angle seismic modeling exercise used data from the Middle America Trench. The goal of the entire exercise was to acquire the basic skills that will be used when ZIP fellows acquire their own data during ZIP Starter 1 cruise in the Aegean.
WP5.3 Short-course on “Rock mechanics and experimental rheology”, Paris // M-25 (5 days -October 26th-30th- given by CNRS and UPMC).
This intensive short course, organized by Alexandre SCHUBNEL (CNRS/ENS) and Loïc LABROUSSE (UPMC) in Paris, aimed at teaching the basics of crustal and upper mantle rock deformation, with connection to field and geophysical observations. Courses include: (1) History of rock deformation and experimental machine building; (2) Brittle deformation and friction; (3) Field observations of crustal and mantellic shear zones; (4) Flow laws and plastic deformation maps; (5) Physical properties of rocks. Half a day of the course was devoted to experimental machine design.4 afternoons were dedicated to performing rock deformation experiments.
An entire day of the course will be devoted to experimental machine design.
Left - The Griggs-type apparatus can perform experiments at mantle PT conditions, (i.e. 5GPa, 1300°C) and arrived at ENS last July – Above: the first experiment on a natural rock (here a Corsican blueschist encapsulated in gold), was performed by the Zip fellows during the last day of the course.
WP5.4 Short-course on “Analytical geochemistry, geochronology, and fluid characterization”, Bern 18-22 May 2015// M-20 (5 days, organized by UB with contributions of ThermoFisher, AGILENT, CAMECA and ALS). The weekly course has been organized at Institute of Geological Sciences of the University of Bern by Thomas Pettke and Klaus Mezger. This short course aimed at introducing geochemical techniques and approaches to solving geoscientific questions in general, with an emphasis on topics relevant to “fluid-mediated chemical cycling in subduction zones”. Courses have been given by 10 experts from diverse institutes. Each day has been divided into 7 slots of ~45 min each (4 in the morning, 3 in the afternoon); this timing has been somewhat flexible in order to emphasize an informal workshop atmosphere. The short course has been organized in two parts (see program ZIP_Geochem-short-course_program_FINAL-2). Part 1 (days 1-4) covered aspects relevant to analytical geochemistry, with emphasis on fundamentals from scratch to final data, and in-situ microbeam techniques (electron beam, laser ablation, secondary ions). Sample preparation strategies have also been covered, as well as the statistical significance of data. These techniques have been illustrated by selected applications, including stable isotopes and in-situ radio-isotope dating. At least 8 experts in this field have contributed to this course. Part 2 (day 5) have offered the Associated Partner Companies involved in Geochemistry (ThermoFisher, Agilent, ALS Scandinavia AB, Cameca) the opportunity to present topics of their choice. Since the ITN projects have this strong commitment to training, contributions presenting aspects that are relevant to companies have been specifically presented, together with the latest news on products these companies have to offer.
WP6.1 Short-course on “Transferable skills”, UPMC // M-12 (7 days): Project Management (2days); Oral Presentation Skills (2 days); Scientific Writing (3 days). This short course took place at UPMC in Paris, September 15-19 2014. It was held by Bernd Gibson from United Partners and consisted of three modules (scientific writing, oral presentations, project management) proposed by the Department ofTraining and Career of UPMC-Doctoral Training Institute and specifically designed for ZIP. During the five-days course, fellows worked on key aspects of communication: (i) the skills needed to conduct a project, (ii) how working in a team, (iii) how giving a scientific or non-scientific presentation in English, (iv) how writing a scientific paper. Video presentations showed potential issues in scientific and non-scientific communication. Fellows also learned to address their ideas and results in a more business-style manner, to facilitate communication with non-academic environment.
WP6.2 Short-course on “Private sector & Career development”, Berlin // M-32 (5 days, 9-13/05/2016): This course aimed to prepare the ZIP fellows to better manage time and schedule for the last year of PhD. The goal of the second part of this course was to provide good training and advices for the career development, as job application, grant proposal writing and examples of how to use scientific research background to get a job in the private sector.
WP6.3 Private sector miniworkshops and entrepreneurship
Short courses done so far:
1 — Numerical modelling (Baker Hugues; 1 day after Short-course WP5.1)
2 — Laser ablation ICPMS techniques (Agilent,1 day, Short-course WP5.4)
3 — Ion and electron probe techniques (Cameca; 2 days, Short-Course WP5.4)
4 — Laboratory techniques (ALS; 1 day after Short-course WP5.4)
5 — Factory visit with focus on instrument manufacturer marketing and product development (ThermoFisher; 1 day in Bremen; ~10 participants)
6 — Data acquisition standards and Quality control on seismic vessels (REPSOL; 2 days onboard ZIP Starter 1 cruise; WP4.1)
7 — Role of fractures, fluids and overpressures in the dynamics of tectonic wedges and modelling (IFPEN; 3 days as a follow-up to WP5.3). Program agenda Short ZIP-IFPEN-4 Location Acces-IFPEN-Rueil_Janvier2015).
8 — Geohazard and risk assessment (Munich RE; 1 day, as a follow up to WP6.2)
WP6.4 Online training seminars (each 60′ long ending with an interactive session) will be presented twice a year by selected pan-European industrial partners.
Local scientific training programs for graduate students:
[UPMC] GIS: fundamentals and applications; The Mediterranean region: from mantle to surface processes; Lithosphere dynamics; Timescales of geological processes; Natural hazards.
[UM] Geochemistry course; Analytical methods for solid and fluid phase characterization (Raman spectroscopy, SEM, EBSD, EDS and TEM, ICP-MS and Laser ablation MS, Atomic Force Microscopy).
[CSIC] Multichannel seismic data processing (BCSI); Travel-time and full-waveform inversion of active seismic data (BCSI). At IACT (CSIC-Univ Granada): Advanced Geodynamics/Geophysics/Geochemistry; Geochronology; Analysis of (sedimentary, magmatic, metamorphic) phase assemblages; GIS with ArcGIS; English for geoscientists: scientific writing and presentation skills.
[CNRS] Advanced seismology (Seismic tremors, Mega-earthquakes); GPS monitoring (from deployment to interpretation); Plates-coupling and Post-seismic deformation (elastic to viscous); Advanced subduction geodynamics (structure of the upper-plate and of the oceanic lithosphere).
[UG] Mantle petrology; Trace element and Isotope geochemistry; Ophiolites as markers of divergent and convergent plate dynamics; Radiogenic and Stable Isotope analysis and applications; Light element Geochemistry; Petrology of eclogite facies rocks and fluids; Tectonics of convergent plate margins.
[GFZ] Linking geodetic, geophysical and geological observables as tools to image the plate interface kinematics; Introduction to GPS data processing, slip inversion and modelling (introduction to the numerical code ABAQUS); Mechanical and rheological experiments (visit of a rock experiment laboratory) and implications for the interpretation of kinematic observations.
[UB] Electron beam microanalysis (EPMA, SEM, TEM, CL; theory and practical); Methods of mass spectrometry; LA-ICP-MS short course; Introduction to fluid inclusions; Geodynamics of Mountain Chains and Basins; Petrology and Geochemistry in Global Dynamics; Quantitative Methods & Models in Petrology; Ophiolites / Oceanic Crust.
[ETH] Introduction to numerical geodynamic modelling; Introduction to finite element modelling in Geosciences; Dynamics of the mantle and the lithosphere.
[CAU] High precision location of seismic events; Spatio-temporal analysis of microseismicity.
[NOA] Active and passive seismic tomography.